When the Lord created the world, along with His creation, He revealed the Vedas. The Vedas were to guide people regarding spiritual and mundane matters iwherever tangible solutions couldn't be found. The unseen laws that govern His creation and His (God's imperceptible nature) were revealed through the Vedas. They were received by Rishis who transcended their own personalities. That is, the Vedas are truths enunciated by God Himself (God as the Antaryamin or Atman seated in the Heart) to seers who could by His grace transcend the limitations of human intellect and thinking. The Vedas were revealed in Samadhi ( absorption in God). In simple words God spoke those mantras to God ( as Rishis ) to reveal His Tatva to God ( as aspirants or seekers). Vedas are revelations which spontaneously occur in the minds of Rishis who have merged their identities in God. So they are called 'Apaurusheya' meaning not contaminated by human mind or thinking.(transcedental). Vedas are the ultimate proof of existence of God.Vedas are known as sabda pramana - the ultimate testimony regarding spiritual and mundane matters.
The order that creates,sustains nourishes and annihilates the world is known as Dharma.
Vedas are twofold - Pravritti lakshna ( rules and lifestyles pertaining to house holders) and Nivritti Lakshana (rules and regulations pertaining to Sanyasa ashrama or mendicancy ). Pravritti Lakshana refers to rites and rituals to accomplish specific goals while nivritti lakshana refers to Upanishads that describe the nature of God enabling us to contemplate upon and recognize His Tatva ( nature)
The Karma kanda of the Vedas consists of exhortations that order us to 'do' prescribed actions and prohibitions that ask us to refrain from prohibited actions. The Vedas deal with our desires and show us the ways to satisfy our genuine desires and needs. Until we mature enough to go beyond the mind and its cravings, Vedas like a loving affectionate mother, caters to our needs .
When we mature enough to go beyond the cravings of the mind the very same Vedas enunciate the Supreme Truth of the Upanishads to us.
That dharma was practised by the adherents of Vedas. But as time elapsed corruption started and the mind of the votaries became susceptible to desire and aversion,. Intelligence got clouded and they stopped following the principles of the Vedas. Several corrupt faiths and religions sprouted like mushrooms on a decaying branch ( of a tree). All the corrupt religions were founded to suit the illegitimate interests of those who chose to follow them. The world is sustained by an order (a harmony). But the mind of the people grew malicious like stagnant water that has stopped flowing. Various wicked desires popped up that couldn't be fulfilled through the Vedic system.
To cite an example, suppose the much anticipated movie of a superstar is to be released today. All those desirous to watch the first show are patiently waiting for their turn to buy the ticket from the counter (in a movie theater). Some smart fellows break the line and collectively threaten the man in the counter. They make him issue tickets by force.
Such are those religions started by some person on some day at some place. Such religions that don't have the backing of sound philosophy or God experience utilize the power of numbers (mob) to bargain (threaten) with the rulers to satisfy illegitimate wants. They smartly utilize the power of association or a mob to get things done , to suit their unethical desires.
People chose to believe in such faiths to fulfill their illegitimate greed which otherwise is never possible through dharma. Same is the case with people who deceive themselves by blindly following God - men and occultists. They want to avoid the effort needed to follow the dharmic principles enunciated by the Vedas. They want to avoid devotion to God. Literally they want to outsmart God ( the controller of our destiny) and His benign Will . They don't realize that resorting to such smart shortcuts will do severe harm to themselves in the long run. Wicked desires and succumbing to temptations are born out of compulsions emanating from a confused mind. These compulsions drive their natives to their own destruction .
Dharma alone triumphs in the long run.
On the contrary even when assailed by unethical thoughts, those wise persons who surrender to the power of the Antaryamin (God in the Heart) are rescued by God's Grace. God's grace manifests tangibly and becomes their succour. THE DESCENT OF GOD'S GRACE IS TERMED AS AN AVATAR IN HINDU RELIGION. God's grace descended on Moses (episode of the fire in the bush and revelation of dictum 'I am that I am') and chose him as the rescuer of the Jews . Grace possessed him and enabled him to rescue the Jews from the tyranny of the Pharaohs.
To save people collectively and punish evil doers He incarnates in human semblance To save an idividual who has surrendered to God's will, His grace descends as SABDA or DIVINE NAME. The Divine name is God's power; His capability , His vast resource in the WORD form. .
The Bible too states " In the beginning was the Word; the Word was with God and the Word was God".Christ is regarded by Christians as the ' Word' in flesh and blood.
The Divine name or the Word is a current of Grace, a living flow from the source, that eradicates difficulties and obstructions and takes life forward smoothly. It is the Divine power in the capsule form of the Word (Sabda). This Sabda eradicates all compulsions, deprivations and bestows on its aspirant the capability to lead a fruitful peaceful life. The divine name is like a seed. The seed has the potency to sprout and grow into a huge tree. Similarly the practice of divine name though very simple and needs only minimum effort contains in itself all thr power to manifest as resources, attitude and environment at the appropriate time. The divine only needs regular practice with due reverence.
It even has the power to bless its votaries with absolute freedom or Godhood (Salvation). It is the bridge between God and man that levels (eradicates) their perceived difference. The divine name or Sabda is known in yogic terminology as Aham Spurana or pulsation of I. In Christian terminology the name of God and the intuition it bestows is associated with the Holy Spirit.
The Advaitins like Bhartrihari speak about the mysterious power of the Word or Sabda.
Sabda contains in itself sphota that reveals the meaning to the listener. This mysterious power of 'Sabda' is so potent that when uttered by a Mahatma, Sabda makes an ardent seeker recognize God or Atman in himself. Great Mahatmas are made up of Sabda and not the visible forms of bone , marrows and flesh.
However the GOD'S NAME is ever available only to those who honestly accept their incapacity, or inability to follow dharma on their own merit. Divine name comes to our rescur when assailed by compulsions, temptations, deprivations or negativity. Their honesty and sensitivity to truth and dharma endear them to God. To see things as they are and not as you wish them to be, combined with intimacy with God leads a man to Divine name.
Devotion to God makes us access 'Sabda' or Grace and 'Sabda' manifests tangibly as chanting of His (God's) name . His grace enables the otherwise incapacitated man to live a fruitful and rewarding life. In short practice of chanting divine name gives you access to God's will and the strength to abide by His will. It enables man to discover his long forgotten divinity to retrace his steps to Godhood! What could be more rewarding than that!